Indoor gardening can be extremely beneficial and rewarding. However, indoor gardening is not free of challenges and one of the biggest difficulties that the indoor plant growers have to face is to mimic the natural environment for the plants. In a hydroponic environment, plants are provided with conditions that allow the plants to receive the exact amount of nutrients and light required at certain stages of growth. The temperature of the room also plays a crucial role hence it is essential to maintain the perfect room temperature.
The light source for plants in an indoor environment comes from indoor grow lights. These lights are designed specifically to imitate sunlight. They are either full spectrum or they might have lights of specific color bands. One of the most commonly used grow lights for indoor gardening is metal halide (MH) and high-pressure sodium (HPS) lights. They produce a power packed full spectrum light that allows plants to grow indoors. However, they also produce immense heat that can have a detrimental effect on the plants. The heat can dehydrate the plants and can permanently damage the enzymes.
To mitigate the excess heat, growers install ventilation systems that keep the room temperature below 85degrees. An improvement on MH and HPS lights are LED grow lights, which produce little or no heat. Other cheaper options such fluorescent lights can also be used but are not strong enough to take the plants through the entire blooming phase of growth. The color spectrum of LED lights can be adjusted according to current requirements of the plant.
In a hydroponic medium, the amount of nutrients can be adjusted which can have a very positive effect on the plants. In a natural environment, plants sometimes fail to capture enough nutrients due to many factors, but in a hydroponic environment, plants can receive exactly what they need. One of the biggest problems for many indoor plant growers is maintaining the air quality of the grow room. Because of this, the plants are exposed to diseases and they may die out even when they are exposed to perfect light, nutrients and temperature.
In a natural environment, plants grow in moving wind. This means that most of the pathogens in the air are carried away by the wind. Although plants are not entirely safe from pathogen attacks in a natural environment, the moving wind swipes away many pathogens, particularly mold and spores. Moreover, the constant movement of air lets the cleaner air replace the polluted one. In stagnant air, the pathogens get room to thrive.
This leads to a pathogen attack and results in the withering of the plant. While pesticides can be used to avoid that, a room with still air full of pesticides and pathogens is not exactly a healthy place for plants to grow. Furthermore, lights that produce immense heat also allow pathogens to flourish. In order to avoid any plant ailment, it is important to first improve the air quality of your grow room before turning to pesticides.
Mold and fungi remain one of the biggest enemies for plants that are grown indoors and they can only be erased if the air inside the room is constantly circulated and filtered. Ventilation systems work to lower the room temperature and replenish carbon dioxide for plants. However, they are not sufficient to purify the air and make it cleaner for the plants. While there are ventilation systems consisting of filters, they are still not enough.
The best solution to improve the air quality of your grow room is to install air purifiers. Purifiers will not only allow the air to flow, they will purify the air in the room by capturing the pollutants. The fungal spores in the air are easily caught by these purifiers hence the chances of a fungal attack are reduced greatly. There are numerous air purifiers available in the market that serve you according to the requirements of your grow room.
Along with using the right grow light and installing proper ventilation system, it is extremely important to get an air purifying system installed in your grow room. A small patch of fungus can destroy your entire harvest in days and at times pesticides fail to stop it. While one can never entirely eliminate the chances of a pathogen attack, an air purifier will greatly improve the air quality of your room and allow you to be successful in your indoor garden.